2012 Volume 37 Issue 6 Pages 1127-1134
Rebound is known to occur most typically when topical glucocorticoids are abruptly discontinued; however, its frequency and severity are poorly characterized. We previously created a novel murine model of topical glucocorticoid-induced pruritus; however, the mechanism underlying pruritus in this model has not been elucidated. Using this murine model, we aimed to determine the cause of augmentation of pruritus with a focus on the production of prostaglandin (PG) D2. BALB/c mice with chronic allergic contact dermatitis induced by 5 weeks of repeated application of 2,4,6-trinitro-1-chlorobenzene (TNCB) were treated topically with dexamethasone for 5 weeks immediately after the elicitation of dermatitis and after ear-swelling and scratching behavior were measured. RBL-2H3 mast cells were used to investigate the effect of dexamethasone on degranulation or PGD2 production in IgE/antigen-stimulated mast cells. The scratching behavior induced by TNCB was augmented by topical application of dexamethasone, but dexamethasone did not have any effect on scratching bouts in mice that had not been treated with TNCB. Topical dexamethasone reduced the PGD2 level, which increase in TNCB-treated mice, to the baseline level. Moreover, dexamethasone significantly decreased the PGD2 production in IgE/antigen-stimulated RBL-2H3 mast cells; however, the same concentration of dexamethasone did not have any effect on the degranulation of stimulated mast cells. Topical glucocorticoids may exacerbate pruritus in a mouse model of allergic contact dermatitis via inhibition of PGD2 production in antigen-mediated activated mast cells in the skin.