2012 Volume 37 Issue 6 Pages 1191-1205
Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with unique chemical and electromechanical properties are ideal candidates for the development of drug delivery platforms. The scarce knowledge for the effects of exposure to MWCNTs during pregnancy on postnatal outcomes motivated us to investigate whether intraperitoneal injections (i.p.) of MWCNTs during mating and early pregnancy affect on reproductive and neurobehavioral endpoints and psychobiological status of pups. Thirty virgin female mice were divided to three groups (n = 10 for each); two treated groups injected i.p. with 1 and 10 mg of MWCNTs suspended in 1 ml of phosphate buffered saline solution (PBS) in both mating day and gestation day 3, respectively. The control group was injected i.p. with an equal volume of PBS as a vehicle. MWCNT-treated dams did not exhibit considerable changes in their reproductive performance in gestation and lactation periods. MWCNT-treated pups exhibited similar ontogenetic expressions of neurobehavioral and physical endpoints as compared with control group. Most notably, exposure to MWCNTs was increased depressive and anxious behaviors of treated pups in parallel to adverse effect on their internal organ weights. The absolute thymus weight was declined in MWCNT-treated groups while absolute weights of liver and spleen decreased in group treated by 1 mg of MWCNT as compared to control group. Relative organ weights in MWCNT-treated groups were almost similar to control group.