The Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-3989
Print ISSN : 0388-1350
ISSN-L : 0388-1350
Letter
Methylmercury induces hyaluronan synthesis in cultured human brain microvascular endothelial cells and pericytes via different mechanisms
Takashi HirookaEiko YoshidaKomyo EtoToshiyuki Kaji
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2017 Volume 42 Issue 3 Pages 329-333

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Abstract

In a cerebrum damaged by methylmercury, where neuropathological lesions tend to localize along deep sulci and fissures, edematous changes in white matter have been proposed as the cause of such localization. Since hyaluronan has a high water-retention capability and can contribute to the progression of edematous changes, we hypothesize that methylmercury increases hyaluronan in brain microvascular cells. Our experimental results indicate that methylmercury induces the expression of hyaluronan in cultured human microvascular endothelial cells and pericytes through the induction of expressed UDP-glucose dehydrogenase and hyaluronan synthase 2, respectively. After exposure to methylmercury, hyaluronan largely accumulates in perivascular space, where it contributes to the progression of edematous changes.

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© 2017 The Japanese Society of Toxicology
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