Volume 42 (2017) Issue 6 Pages 789-795
To investigate the effects of perinatal exposure to tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), a brominated flame retardant, on the immune system, a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection mouse model was utilized. Female mice were exposed to TBBPA mixed with the diet from 10 days after conception to weaning on postnatal day 21. Offspring mice were infected intranasally with A2 strain of RSV. Although no general toxicological sign was observed, the pulmonary viral titers of offspring mice exposed to 0.1% TBBPA were significantly increased compared with the control on day 5 post-infection. TBBPA did not affect RSV growth in vitro. Histopathological analysis confirmed that the exacerbation of interstitial pneumonia was due to TBBPA- exposure in the lung tissues in RSV-infected offspring. Moreover, gene expression of interleukin (IL)-24 was shown to be elevated typically in the lung tissues of TBBPA-treated offspring by a DNA microarray and was also confirmed by immunohistopathological analysis using an anti-IL-24 antibody. Thus, developmental exposure to TBBPA affected the immune response to RSV infection, resulting in the exacerbation of pneumonia. Thus, IL-24 should be a key molecule to understand the mechanism of action of TBBPA.