The Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-3989
Print ISSN : 0388-1350
ISSN-L : 0388-1350
Transcriptome analysis in various cell lines exposed to nitric oxide
Tohta MizushimaSho KubotaYuta IijimaNobumasa TakasugiTakashi Uehara
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2024 Volume 49 Issue 6 Pages 281-288


Nitric oxide (NO) plays a physiological role in signal transduction and excess or chronic NO has toxic effects as an inflammatory mediator. NO reversibly forms protein S-nitrosylation and exerts toxicological functions related to disease progression. DNA methyltransferases, epigenome-related enzymes, are inhibited in enzymatic activity by S-nitrosylation. Therefore, excess or chronic NO exposure may cause disease by altering gene expression. However, the effects of chronic NO exposure on transcriptome are poorly understood. Here, we performed transcriptome analysis of A549, AGS, HEK293T, and SW48 cells exposed to NO (100 μM) for 48 hr. We showed that the differentially expressed genes were cell-specific. Gene ontology analysis showed that the functional signature of differentially expressed genes related to cell adhesion or migration was upregulated in several cell lines. Gene set enrichment analysis indicated that NO stimulated inflammation-related gene expression in various cell lines. This finding supports previous studies showing that NO is closely involved in inflammatory diseases. Overall, this study elucidates the pathogenesis of NO-associated inflammatory diseases by focusing on changes in gene expression.

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© 2024 The Japanese Society of Toxicology
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