The Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Online ISSN : 1880-3989
Print ISSN : 0388-1350
ISSN-L : 0388-1350
EVALUATION OF RAT SPERM BY FLOW CYTOMETRY : SIMULTANEOUS ANALYSIS OF SPERM COUNT AND SPERM VIABILITY
Toshinobu YAMAMOTOShigekazu MORIMitsuru YONEYAMAMasanori IMANISHIMasaki TAKEUCHI
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1998 Volume 23 Issue 5 Pages 373-378

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Abstract

In this study, we conducted a simultaneous analysis of sperm count and viability in rats by flow cytometry (FCM). Epididymal fluids were taken from the caudal epididymis of 12 to 13 week-old Sparague-Dawley rats. The fluids were weighed and mixed with Dulbecco's phosphate buffered saline (D-PBS). Propidium iodide, which can stain only dead sperm, was used to distinguish viable and dead sperm. The sperm count and viability analyzed by FCM were 1.28×106/mg and 78.0%, respectively. These values were consistent with the corresponding values (1.39×106/mg and 81.0%) that were directly determined microscopically in the fluids of the same sample. In addition, when the original mixture containing sperm was diluted two times and four times with D-PBS, or was diluted two times with D-PBS containing only killed sperm, the sperm count and viability determined by FCM also correlated well with the sperm count (r=0.96, P<0.01) and sperm motility (r=0.99, P<0.01) by direct microscopic observation, respectively. In conclusion, the present flow cytometric analysis would be practical for the simultaneous determination of sperm count and viability in rat epididymal fluids.

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