2020 年 2020 巻 33 号 p. 34-43
This paper analyses people’s attribution of the Sagamihara care home attack in 2016, in which 19 disabled residents of a care facility were killed by a former employee, U. Three forms of causal observation are distinguished: societal, personal, and bodily attributions. Although some people suspected that U’s psychiatric condition was the likely cause, many organisations of/for disabled people ascribed the case to social attitudes that deny disabled people’s lives (“eugenic thoughts”). However, societal attribution is dysfunctional, in that it renders U’s rampage understandable in a performative way, impeding progress toward the unconditional inclusion of disabled people. Thus, attribution analysis, the approach adopted here, can explore the functions, implications, and effects of people’s causal observations.