2023 年 8 巻 1 号 p. 15-26
Under the cold war, The U.S. Gulf regional policy was basically based on military power. The U.S. which became the only superpower after the cold war ,is relying more and more on Military Power to stabilize order. The action of the U.S. did not lead to the stability of order in the Gulf region and caused a decline in the trust of the international community. The confrontation between the U.S. and Iran fueled the threat of Iran, and the situation in the Gulf region became unstable. Israel and Arab countries signed the Abraham accords peace agreement brokered by the Trump administration. The Abraham accords peace agreement urged economic integration in the Middle East and called for coexistence between Christianity, Islam and Judaism. And the Biden administration is trying to cut troops out of the Middle East and is pushing for economic integration. Currently, the U.S. is beginning to work on stabilizing order in the Gulf region, not only from the perspective of military power but also from the perspective of the economy in mind.