外国語教育メディア学会関東支部研究紀要
Online ISSN : 2432-3071
Print ISSN : 2432-3063
研究論文
借用語の明示的指導を通じた受容語彙定着度の検証
南部 匡彦
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ジャーナル フリー HTML

2021 年 5 巻 p. 58-72

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This research examines the effects of the explicit instruction of English loanwords in vocabulary learning on 74 junior college students who were divided into two groups (a treatment group and a contrast group) according to their English proficiency. Explicit instruction of loanwords along with regular vocabulary instruction was provided to learners in the experimental group in the L1 (Japanese) while the control group was provided with only regular vocabulary instruction. This study investigates whether explicit instruction in the L1 enhances the learners’ lexical understanding of loanwords as well as their receptive vocabulary. Two explicit instruction sessions were given during regular class periods. The results of a vocabulary post-test given one week later and a delayed test eight weeks later indicated that the treatment group outperformed the control group on the post-test but showed a decline in mean score on the delayed post-test and that both English learners of higher and lower proficiency levels in the treatment group produced great learning gains on the post-test but showed no statistically significant difference detected eight weeks after learning. The initial conclusions of this study suggest that explicit instruction in the L1 of English loanwords suggests a positive correlation in the retention of lexical knowledge with relatively short period of time despite learners’ English proficiency.

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