Since the 1980s, a significant reduction has been witnessed in Zhoushan’s fishery resources. To tackle this problem, relevant government departments have adopted a number of policies. However, these policies’ effectiveness has been unsatisfactory.
Against this background, we analyzed results of a questionnaire survey of fishermen, which we conducted in 2014. Based on this analysis, in 2015, we then performed a field survey in Zhoushan, interviewing both fishermen and the fishery bureau. By analyzing the results, we concluded that from the fishermen’s standpoint, the fishery resource management’s policy is too incomprehensible to obey, while from the government’s standpoint, the difficulty of managing fishermen’s actions demotivates management work. In other words, the present management system of fishery resources has serious limitations.
Furthermore, we presume that to solve this problem, adopting a “protection and incentives” mode instead of the traditional “punishment” mode would be more effective. Thus, we specifically study the importance, rationality, and feasibility of the protection and incentives mode.