Mass Spectrometry
Online ISSN : 2186-5116
Print ISSN : 2187-137X
ISSN-L : 2186-5116
Original Article
Improvement in Ionization Efficiency Using Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry of a Cancer Drug
Hiroki KannenYuto MiyoshiHisanao HazamaKunio Awazu
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2021 Volume 10 Issue 1 Pages A0099


Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) without labeling has the potential for faster screening in drug development. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) is typically used, but it has a large matrix size and uneven drug distribution. Surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization (SALDI) using nanoparticles (NPs) may overcome these issues. Here, the influence of NPs, solvent ratio, and order of dropping of NPs on SALDI-MSI of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), a cancer drug, are reported. A solution of PpIX in a 50% aqueous solution of 50% acetonitrile at a concentration of 10 μM was used. The NPs include ZnO, Fe3O4, and four types of TiO2. The NPs were fabricated by dissolving them on an aqueous 90% acetonitrile solution. Mass spectra were obtained with a time-of-flight mass spectrometer using a Nd:YAG laser at a 355-nm wavelength. The signal intensity using TiO2 at a 0.5 mg/mL concentration in 50% acetonitrile was increased by 1.6-fold compared to that without TiO2. Changing the solvent to 90% acetonitrile gave a uniform TiO2 distribution and a 9-fold increase in the signal intensity for PpIX. Among the four types of TiO2 with different particle sizes and crystal structures, TiO2 with a smaller particle size and a rutile crystal structure produced the highest signal intensity. Forming a layer on top of the PpIX also resulted in an increased signal intensity. Hence, SALDI using TiO2 provides effective ionization of the drug. In the future, we plan to investigate a spray method for the ionization of PpIX using TiO2 for the MSI of various drugs.

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© 2021 Hiroki Kannen, Yuto Miyoshi, Hisanao Hazama, and Kunio Awazu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons [Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International] license.
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