MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS
Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
Effect of Pre-Deformation of Austenite on Shape Memory Properties in Fe-Mn-Si-based Alloys Containing Nb and C
Alberto BarujTakehiko KikuchiSetsuo KajiwaraNorio Shinya
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2002 Volume 43 Issue 3 Pages 585-588

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Abstract

The shape memory properties of Fe–Mn–Si-based alloys containing Nb and C are further improved by pre-rolling of the solution-treated austenite and the subsequent ageing treatment. For an Fe–28Mn–6Si–5Cr–0.53Nb–0.06C (mass%) alloy, 90% of an initial 4% strain is recovered on heating without any previous training treatment, if the alloy in austenitic state is rolled by 6–14% at 870 K and aged at 1070 K for 10 min to produce NbC precipitates. In the same condition, the alloy develops shape recovery stresses of 255 MPa and 295 MPa for 6% and 14% pre-rolling, respectively, when initially deformed by 4.5%. TEM observations indicate that these improved shape memory characteristics are related to a fine distribution of NbC precipitates in the fcc matrix and their interaction with stacking faults.

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© 2002 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
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