2003 Volume 44 Issue 10 Pages 1948-1954
Nanocrystalline Al-based ternary alloys with additions of Zr and Fe have been prepared by electron-beam deposition. The composition dependence of microstructures and mechanical properties has been investigated. Fine α-Al grains are observed and the grain size significantly decreases with the increase of Zr content. Al95.3-Zr4.0-Fe0.7 and Al96.5-Zr2.8-Fe0.7 alloys consist of α-Al containing the coherent meta-stable L12 precipitate. The addition of Fe, effectively refined the grain structure, increases hardness and improves the thermal stability of the meta-stable L12-Al3Zr phase. Al95.3-Zr4.0-Fe0.7 alloy exhibits remarkably high tensile strength both at room temperature and above 523 K, 817 MPa at room temperature, 536 MPa at 523 K and 434 MPa at 573 K, respectively. The microstructure of Al95.3-Zr4.0-Fe0.7 alloy exhibits excellent thermal stability under prolonged annealing at 523 K.