2003 Volume 44 Issue 11 Pages 2363-2368
This research studied the possibility of non-destructive detection of temper-embrittlement in tempered CA-15 martensitic stainless steel (MSS). It was found that secondary hardening phenomenon existed in tempering temperature range of 573-673 K for the MSS in this study. Ultrasonic responses, both in terms of acoustic velocity and attenuation, exhibited changes with respective to the microstructure variation. Microstructural constituent of chromium carbide (Cr23C6 type) precipitates was found to have resulted in the temper-embrittlement of the MSS and also was responsible for the changes of the ultrasonic behavior of the material.