2004 Volume 45 Issue 12 Pages 3343-3348
Three kinds of microstructures with different grain boundary morphologies and their creep properties of a Ti-47Al-2Nb-2Mn+0.8 vol%TiB2 alloy are investigated. Tensile creep tests and microstructural examinations indicate that a stabilized fine-grained fully lamellar (FGFL) microstructure with relatively smooth grain boundaries shows inferior creep resistance. A stabilized fully lamellar (FL) microstructure with well-interlocked grain boundaries and wider lamellar spacing yields reduced minimum strain rate and extended creep rupture life. Furthermore, a nearly lamellar microstructure (NL) with well-interlocked grain boundaries exhibits better creep resistance than the stabilized FGFL microstructure though it has four times wider lamellar spacing and 15 vol% equiaxed γ grains at the grain boundaries, but worse creep resistance than the stabilized FL microstructure. Examinations to the deformed microstructures show that grain boundary instability involving spheroidization of the lamellae is a major microstructural degradation process, resulting in fine globular regions at the grain boundaries. Voids develop along the grain boundaries, particularly in the fine globular regions, leading to intergranual fracture. It is suggested that grain boundary sliding (GBS) is operating in the stabilized FGFL microstructure, and promotes mutually with the grain boundary instability during subsequent creep deformation, resulting in increased minimum strain rate and shortened tertiary stage. The well-interlocked grain boundary inhibits the onset of GBS and enhances the grain boundary stability effectively. These results demonstrated that the grain boundary stability has a great effect on creep behavior of TiAl Alloys.