2004 Volume 45 Issue 3 Pages 734-740
In order to investigate the use of Sn-8Zn-3Bi solder as a potential substitute for Sn-Pb solder, which has a lower melting point than Sn-Ag family solders for CSP assembly, we studied mechanical properties of CSP joints plated with varying thicknesses of Au and Ni on Cu pad. Joint strength and other mechanical properties were evaluated in relation to reflow peak temperature. The combination of 0.05 μm Au plating thickness and reflow peak temperature of 498 K resulted in the best joint reliability in the as reflowed condition and also after aging treatment. The joint was founded to have thin Ni3Sn4 type interfacial reaction layer that included Cu and Zn between the solder and the Ni plating. This interfacial structure was shown to improve the joint strength.