2004 Volume 45 Issue 3 Pages 880-887
Semi-solid processed 18% Cr and 27% Cr cast irons were produced by using copper cooling plate and metal mold. A series of experiments were carried out to clarify the effect of heat treatment on microstructure, hardness, wear properties, and corrosion characteristics. The results show that 27% Cr alloys possess better abrasive resistance than 18% Cr alloys due to higher carbide volume under all the conditions when tested by dry sand rubber wheel with silica abrasive. However 18% Cr alloys show higher wear resistance than 27% Cr alloys when using super hard alloy disk against the specimen plate surface. The harder disk indent into the carbides, leads to spalling and pitting, and therefore greater wear rate. For the corrosion test result, 27% Cr alloys have better corrosion resistance than 18% Cr alloys as a result of higher chromium content. A combination of semi-solid processing and heat treatment improves wear resistance and corrosion resistance of chromium cast iron.