2005 Volume 46 Issue 11 Pages 2518-2524
Plastic deformation study of Bi2Te3-related materials was performed. The ingots were grown by the Bridgman method using source materials with nominal compositions of Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3, Bi2Sb2.85Se0.15 and Bi1.8Sb0.2Te2.85Se0.15. Disks were cut from the ingots, and were then deformed by either cold-pressing or by hot-pressing under pulse current heating. The crystal structures of the deformed samples were identified by X-ray diffraction. All diffraction peaks were assigned to the Bi2Te3 structure, and the diffraction patterns indicate that the surfaces and bottoms of the samples were highly oriented in the hexagonal (00-l) plane. Hall effect measurements show the carrier concentration of the samples to be at an order of magnitude of 1025 m−3 at room temperature. The power factor for the samples after hot-press deformation exceeded that for the original ingots. The results suggest that hot-press deformation enhances the thermoelectric properties of Bi2Te3-related materials.