2006 Volume 47 Issue 2 Pages 440-445
The creep behavior of the Ti–40Al–16Nb alloy and the effect of the minor addition of Sc are investigated by creep tests at 1073 K under constant load from 200 to 280 MPa. The creep curve of the alloy with high Nb contents does not exhibit a steady-state region, and the minor addition of Sc added to the alloy has no effect on minimum creep rate. The creep responses of the alloys with high Nb contents are strongly correlated with tertiary creep behavior. The effects of Sc addition are apparent on the properties of tertiary creep rate and rupture life. The tertiary creep rate of the Sc containing alloy is reduced and the creep fracture life is increased. Subgrain structures of dislocations are absent in the alloys with high Nb contents during secondary creep, and the deformation of creep converges mainly at the B2 phase. A stress exponent of 4.5 estimated indicates that the mechanism of controlling creep behavior is dislocation climb. The creep fracture of the alloys is dominated by cleavage fracture over the entire fracture surface. Sc2O3 particles are an effective obstacle to the propagation of cracks and the motion of dislocations.