2006 Volume 47 Issue 5 Pages 1275-1285
We review our recent results of the formation, fundamental properties, workability and applications of late transition metal base bulk glassy alloys which have been developed after the first synthesis of Fe-based bulk glassy alloys by the copper mold casting method in 1995. The late metal transition base bulk glassy alloys were obtained in Fe–(Al,Ga)–(P,C,B,Si), Fe–(Cr,Mo)–(C,B), Fe–(Zr,Hf,Nb,Ta)–B, Fe–Ln–B(Ln=lanthanide metal), Fe–B–Si–Nb and Fe–Nd–Al for Fe-based alloys, Co–(Ta,Mo)–B and Co–B–Si–Nb for Co-based alloys, Ni–Nb–(Ti,Zr)–(Co,Ni) for Ni-based alloys, and Cu–Ti–(Zr,Hf), Cu–Al–(Zr,Hf), Cu–Ti–(Zr,Hf)–(Ni,Co) and Cu–Al–(Zr,Hf)–(Ag,Pd) for Cu-based alloys. These bulk glassy alloys exhibit useful engineering properties of high mechanical strength, large elastic elongation and high corrosion resistance. In addition, Fe- and Co-based bulk glassy alloys have good soft magnetic properties which cannot be obtained for conventional amorphous and crystalline type magnetic alloys. The Fe- and Ni-based bulk glassy alloys have already been used in some application fields. These late transition metal base bulk glassy alloys are promising as new metallic engineering materials.