2006 Volume 47 Issue 6 Pages 1492-1500
Several kinetic models for bainite transformation have been widely applied in industry and research. The majority of these models, that do not consider the effect of cementite precipitation during bainite transformation, were validated in high silicon bainitic steels in order to avoid the interference of cementite precipitation during bainite formation. In this work, displacive models for bainite transformation have been validated in bainitic steels with different silicon content with the aim of evaluating their applicability on steels where cementite precipitation may play an important role on bainite formation. It has been found that these models fail in the calculus of the maximum volume fraction of bainite of lean silicon steels, but lead to a reasonable accuracy in high silicon steels. This is not surprising since cementite formation reduces the carbon content in the residual austenite, stimulating the formation of a further quantity of ferrite. Likewise, an imprecise estimation of the nucleation rate of bainite must be the reason for the poor correlation in the predictions of the bainite transformation kinetics in high silicon steels. This entails a better treatment of autocatalytic nucleation, still unresolved issue in the bainite transformation kinetics theory.