Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
Hydriding Properties of (Mg1−xMx)Ni2 C15-Type Laves Phase Alloys
Naoyoshi TerashitaEtsuo Akiba
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2006 Volume 47 Issue 8 Pages 1890-1893


Mg-based Laves phase alloys (Mg0.7M0.3)Ni2, where M elements were Ca, La, Ce, Pr, Nd and Gd were successfully developed. The alloys can be synthesized by a conventional induction melting and annealing method from intermetallic compounds MgNi2 and MNi2 as a source of Mg, Ni and M elements. The crystal structures of the major phases of annealed (Mg0.7M0.3)Ni2 alloys were C15-type for M=Ca and C15b-type for M=La, Ce, Pr, Nd and Gd Laves structures, respectively. In the alloys except M=Ce, hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reversibly occurred. The maximum hydrogen contents of the alloys are 1.2–1.6 mass% (H/M:0.6–0.8) under hydrogen pressure of 5 MPa at 243–273 K. As the results of measurements of p-c isotherms, in the case of the M=Pr and Nd, two step plateaus were clearly observed. After a few hydrogenation/dehydrogenation cycles, the alloys kept C15-type or C15b-type Laves structures without hydrogen-induced amorphization, disproportionation and decomposition.

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© 2006 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
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