2006 Volume 47 Issue 9 Pages 2393-2398
TiC particles have been synthesized in common straight steels with three different carbon contents by in situ reaction during melting process. Experimental results show that the distribution of TiC particles in the steels containing 0.55 mass%C and 0.8 mass%C is uniform, however, slight segregation of TiC particles has been observed in the steel containing 1.4 mass%C. With the formation of TiC more ferrite precipitates from the steel with 0.55 mass%C, while the TiC formation inhibits the precipitation of secondary cementite in the steel containing 1.4 wt%C. In the present investigation a proper technique of heat treatment has been designed, after which good mechanical properties as well as high wear resistance have been obtained from the steel with TiC additions. However the effect of TiC addition on wear resistance is weakened with the increase of carbon concentration.