MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS
Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
ISSN-L : 1345-9678
Quantitative Prediction of Voids Formation in a Growing Cobaltous Oxide Scale at 1373 K
Kojiro AkibaMitsutoshi UedaKenichi KawamuraToshio Maruyama
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2007 Volume 48 Issue 11 Pages 2997-3006

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Abstract

Quantitative prediction of voids formation is demonstrated for CoO scale formed at 1373 K. Calculations of ion fluxes and their divergence in CoO scales can predict the void formation in the scale which mostly occurs in the vicinity of the metal/oxide interface. The volume fraction of voids is found to be maximum at the initial surface. These predictions are in good agreement with the observed morphology of CoO scale obtained in high temperature oxidation of cobalt at 1373 K.

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© 2007 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
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