2007 Volume 48 Issue 3 Pages 476-480
Precipitate phases in Mg-2 at%Ce-1 at%Zn (Mg97Ce2Zn1) and Mg-2 at%Ce (Mg98Ce2) alloys, prepared by a melt-quenching method, have been examined by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and high-angle annular detector dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM). A precipitate phase formed at grain boundaries has an ordered structure with a hexagonal unit cell of \\sqrt3a0 and c0, in which a0 and c0 are lattice parameters of an h.c.p. structure of the Mg-matrix. On the other hand, a precipitate phase embedded in Mg-matrix grains has a long-period modulated structure formed by the appearance of two-dimensional anti-phase boundaries with a hexagonal symmetry in the fundamental hexagonal structure with lattice constants of \\sqrt3a0 and c0.