2008 Volume 49 Issue 11 Pages 2709-2713
The present paper describes the variations of the mechanical properties of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy single crystals with various aging times. The cylindrical single crystals of 7475 aluminum alloys were produced at 1033 K by the Bridgeman method, where the composition of initial material and the shape of carbon mold were modified for the growth of quaternary crystals. The specimens proper for tensile and hardness testing were obtained from the single crystal rod homogenized at 823 K for 900 ks using spark-cutting method. Subsequently, they were aged at 393 K for 3.6, 86.4, 900 and 2880 ks after quenching in ice water from 773 K. In the stress-strain curves of the alloy single crystals, the increase of yield stress and the decrease of elongation with an increase of aging time are seen together with a decrease in the rate of work hardening. Moreover, some serrations occur especially in the final plastic stage on the curves. Hardness of the alloy single crystals agrees with those of polycrystals due to the occurrence of multiple slips during loading. However, the alloy single crystals exhibit a marked decrease of yield strength in comparison with the polycrystals, which results from a single glide occurring in the single crystals. If we compare the increase of critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) derived from two kinds of theories of precipitation with the experimental value, both of them are roughly in agreement except for the specimen aged for 3.6 ks. The obtained results indicate that the maximum strength of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy single crystals is achieved in the transitional process between the mechanism of particle cutting and the Orowan mechanism.