MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS
Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
Relationship between Sound Absorption Property and Microscopic Structure Determined by X-ray Computed Tomography in Urethane Foam Used as Sound Absorption Material for Automobiles
Tsuyoshi YamashitaKazuhiro SuzukiSouichiro NishinoYo Tomota
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2008 Volume 49 Issue 2 Pages 345-351

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Abstract

Recently, the application of porous soundproof materials to automobiles is changing from the use of sound insulation materials to the use of sound absorption materials. A method for attaining high absorption performance in the low-frequency region without increasing the material weight is thus needed. We investigated the use of X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanning for investigating the microscopic structure of soft urethane foam, a low specific gravity resin material, in a nondestructive manner. Our testing reveals that it is an effective tool for observing the microscopic organizational structure of a low specific gravity resin material and that the cell size of urethane foam, as measured by X-ray CT, affects the sound absorption characteristics. It also shows that reducing cell size shifts the peak frequency of the sound absorption coefficient downward.

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© 2008 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
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