Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
ISSN-L : 1345-9678
Design of Cascaded Oxide Thermoelectric Generator
Lihua ZhangTsuyoshi ToshoNoriyuki OkinakaTomohiro Akiyama
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2008 Volume 49 Issue 7 Pages 1675-1680


This paper describes the design of two- and three-stage cascaded oxide thermoelectric generators (TEGs) for high-temperature heat recovery using reported data to optimize energy conversion efficiency. We used the general intermetallic compounds Bi2(Se,Te)3 and (Bi,Sb)2Te3 for the low-temperature stages and oxides of TiO1.1, La-doped SrTiO3, NaxCo2O4, and Al-doped ZnO for the higher-temperature stages. A two-stage TEG with TiO1.1 as the p-type material and La-doped SrTiO3 as the n-type material was found to have the highest efficiency at heat-source temperatures below 852 K, while the three-stage TEG was slightly more efficient than the two-stage TEG for heat-source temperatures above 852 K. For the three-stage TEG, the optimal boundary temperature of the second and third stages was calculated to be 698 K; at this temperature, the maximum energy conversion efficiency, 13.5%, was obtained at a heat-source temperature of 1223 K. The results showed that the designed two- and three-stage cascaded oxide TEGs have high potential for heat recovery from high-temperature waste.

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© 2008 The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials
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