2009 Volume 50 Issue 7 Pages 1720-1724
Ti66Nb13Cu8Ni6.8Al6.2 bulk alloys with and without WC addition were fabricated by spark plasma sintering and crystallization of amorphous phase. Microstructure analysis indicates that Ti66Nb13Cu8Ni6.8Al6.2 bulk alloy without WC addition has a ultrafine-grained microstructure with in situ precipitated ductile β-Ti(Nb) phase, composed of soft (Cu, Ni)-Ti2 regions surrounded by hard β-Ti regions. The alloy exhibits high fracture strength of above 2000 MPa and remarkable plasticity of ∼21%. In contrast, Ti66Nb13Cu8Ni6.8Al6.2 bulk alloys with WC addition consist of a microstructure of in situ precipitated ductile β-Ti regions surrounded by a mixed phase regions of (Cu, Ni)-Ti2, TiC, WC and residual glassy phase. The alloys with WC addition display brittle facture behavior. The different plastic deformability for the fabricated bulk alloys with and without WC addition can be explained based on their distinctive microstructures.