2010 Volume 51 Issue 4 Pages 810-817
The effects of Re additions on the microstructure and phase stability of the cast fine-grain Mar-M247 superalloy were investigated in this study. The results showed that the grain sizes of the alloys with 0, 3, and 4.5 mass% Re content were 90, 60, and 50 μm, respectively. The primary γ′ phase became finer and more cuboidal as Re content increased. The addition of 3 mass% Re caused strip-like MC carbides within the grain to degenerate into discontinuous M23C6 carbides and initiated the formation of a deleterious topological closed-packed (TCP) phase within the grain interior. The addition of 4.5 mass% Re promoted phase instabilities that led to the precipitation of large amounts of needle-like P phase in the grain interior, attributable to Re and W segregation. This study found that 3 mass% Re was a critical addition to maintain optimal microstructure and phase stability, and improved the ultimate tensile strength and the yield strength at room temperature and 760°C. However, the addition of 4.5 mass% Re obviously resulted in a decrease in tensile properties at room temperature and 760°C.