2010 Volume 51 Issue 7 Pages 1302-1307
The magnetization process for Sm2Fe17N3 fine powders was studied by Lorentz microscopy and electron holography. In ex situ observations under the external magnetic field produced by an electromagnet, the change of the domain wall position was observed by Lorentz microscopy, while the drastic change in the distribution of lines of magnetic flux outside the fine powders was clarified by electron holography. Through in situ observations with a piezodriving holder with localized magnetic field produced by a sharp magnetic needle, the shift of domain walls was observed in real time by Lorentz microscopy. Finally, on the basis of Lorentz microscopy observations, the magnetization process of Sm2Fe17N3 fine powders was briefly discussed taking into account a hysteresis loop.