Volume 51 (2010) Issue 8 Pages 1395-1403
The microstructures and hardness property of dual two-phase intermetallic alloys that are composed of various kind of volume fractions of geometrically closed packed (GCP) Ni3Al(L12) and Ni3V(D022) phases was studied. Higher volume fraction of primary Ni3Al precipitates was observed in the Ti and Nb added alloys when keeping Al content the same. Also, the microstructures in the eutectoid (channel) region consisting of Ni3Al+Ni3V were sensitive to alloying addition. The hardness of dual two-phase intermetallic alloys was basically explained by mixture rule in hardness between primary Ni3Al precipitates and eutectoid region. Nb and Ti addition raised hardness of dual two-phase intermetallic alloys by solid solution hardening in the constituent phases. This hardening was more significant in Nb addition than in Ti addition. In addition to hardness owing to the mixture rule, additional hardening arising from interfacial area between primary Ni3Al precipitates and eutectoid region was found. With increasing Ni3Al/channel (eutectoid) interfacial area, the additional hardening increased. As temperature increases, the additional hardening monotonously decreased for the base and Nb added alloys but little decreased for the Ti added alloys.