2012 Volume 53 Issue 1 Pages 63-71
The cast Co–5.6 mass% Cu and Co–13.6 mass% Cu alloys were subjected to severe plastic deformation (SPD) by the high-pressure torsion (HPT). The HPT treatment drastically decreases the size of the Co grains (from 20 µm to 100 nm) and the Cu precipitates (from 2 µm to 10 nm). The metastable fcc-Co disappeared, and supersaturated Co-based solid solution present in the as-cast alloys completely decomposed after HPT. Only the phases stable below 400°C remained after severe plastic deformation (i.e. almost pure hcp-Co and fcc-Cu grains). The applicability of the concept of effective temperature originally developed for materials under irradiation for the SPD-accelerated diffusion is discussed.