2012 Volume 53 Issue 11 Pages 1952-1955
The authors clarified that various cast irons can be hardened by friction stir processing (FSP) in a previous study. However, the high applied tool load was indispensable for obtaining the hardened layer. In this study, the effect of the tool geometry on the applied tool load was investigated for forming the hardened layer by the FSP with a lower applied tool load. As a result, the applied tool load could be reduced by 36% using a concave tool.