MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS
Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
ISSN-L : 1345-9678
 
Fabrication of Non-Stoichiometric Titanium Dioxide by Spark Plasma Sintering and Its Thermoelectric Properties
Yun LuKatsuhiro SagaraLiang HaoZiwu JiHiroyuki Yoshida
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2012 Volume 53 Issue 7 Pages 1208-1211

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Abstract

To obtain non-stoichiometric titanium dioxide, TiO2 powder was sintered in a graphite die by spark plasma sintering (SPS). The microstructure and the crystal type of the compacts were examined. Thermoelectric properties of the compacts were measured and discussed. The results revealed that TiO2 could be easy to be reduced in the graphite die by SPS to obtain non-stoichiometric titanium dioxide, TiO2−x with uniform composition distribution. Electrical resistivity of the compacts decreased with increase of SPS temperature. Seebeck coefficient also decreased with increase of SPS temperature, but kept large absolute values over 300 µV·K−1. Therefore, the compacts fabricated by SPS showed relatively high thermoelectric performance. The power factor reached 5 × 10−5 W m−1 K−2 at 523 K.

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© 2012 The Thermoelectrics Society of Japan
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