2013 Volume 54 Issue 7 Pages 1166-1170
Bio-adaptable 2-layer polyurethane/polytetrafluoroethylene (PU/PTFE) laminated sheets were prepared by a new adhesion method, a double-step treatment consisting of: (1) applying low dose <0.65 MGy homogeneous low energy electron beam irradiation (HLEBI) to the 2-layer assembly where the HLEBI penetrates through the PU and PTFE layers, respectively, prior to: (2) hot-press under 5 MPa and 403 K. Although the adhesion of the PU/PTFE sheets cannot be observed without the new double-step treatment, bonding forces were created as evidenced by the mean adhesive forces of peeling resistance (oFp). Based on the 3-parameter Weibull equation, the lowest oFp value at Pp of zero (Fs) could be estimated. An increasing trend in Fs occurs by the double-step treatment applying HLEBI up to 0.43 MGy reaching a maximum at 0.38 Nm−1, improving the safety level without radiation damage. When HLEBI cuts the chemical bonds and generates dangling bonds with nonbonding electrons in PU and PTFE, the created adhesion between the laminated sheets can be explained. Based on X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS) surface analysis of the PU/PTFE laminated sheets after the peeling tests, fluorine (F) was detected on the PU peeled surface, indicating the strong chemical bonding generated by the double-step treatment. For these reasons, double-step treatment is a useful method for quick lamination of PU and PTFE with sterilization without the use of glue.