2014 Volume 55 Issue 12 Pages 1800-1805
Metal nanoparticles with nanoscale spacing are promising materials for the detection of single molecules through surface-enhanced Raman scattering. To increase the sensitivity of nanoparticles through the use of a nanoscale substrate, we fabricated various Ag NP–decorated silicon nanowalls for the Raman spectroscopic detection of rhodamine 6G (R6G). The sensitivity of detection was affected by the nanowall depth and was influenced by several parameters: the AgNO3 concentration for metal-assisted etching, the HF/H2O2 etching time for nanowall formation, and the Ag evaporation time for nanoparticle growth. For an approximately 400-nm-deep nanowall substrate having the optimal surface filling ratio and etching depth, we obtained an ultrahigh enhancement factor of 1.1 × 109 for the detection of R6G at a concentration of 10−11 M.