2015 Volume 56 Issue 2 Pages 253-258
Effects of neodymium (Nd) on the microstructures, mechanical properties, in vitro corrosion behavior, and cytotoxicity of as-cast Mg-1Mn-2Zn-xNd alloys (x = 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, mass%) have been investigated to assess whether Nd is an effective element to increase the strength and corrosion resistance of Mg alloys, and to evaluate whether those alloys are suitable for biomedical applications. The microstructures were examined by X-ray diffraction analysis and optical microscopy. The mechanical properties were determined from uniaxial tensile and compressive tests. The corrosion behavior was studied using electrochemical measurement and cytotoxicity was evaluated using osteoblast-like SaOS2 cell. The results indicate that all the cast Mg-1Mn-2Zn-xNd alloys are composed of both alpha phase of magnesium (Mg) and a compound of Mg7Zn3, and their grain sizes decrease with Nd content. Nd is not an effective element to improve the strength and corrosion resistance of cast Mg-Mn-Zn alloys. Increase of Nd content from 0.5 to 1.5 does not significantly change biocompatibility of alloys. The cast alloys exhibit much better corrosion resistance than pure Mg and good biocompatibility.