2016 Volume 57 Issue 12 Pages 2033-2040
Air-formed surface oxide films on four types of Co-Cr- alloys were characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and five types of Co-Cr alloys were anodically polarized, to identify the effects of the addition of N, Mo, and W to Co-Cr alloys containing high Cr on the surface composition and corrosion resistance. Co-20Cr-15W-10Ni (ASTM F90), Co-30Cr-6Mo, Co-33Cr-5Mo-0.3N, and Co-33Cr-9W-0.3N were employed for XPS and the above four alloys and another Co-30Cr-6Mo (ASTM F75) were employed for anodic polarization. The surface oxide film on the Co-Cr alloys consisted of oxide species of Co, Cr, Mo, W and/or Ni contains a large amount of OH− with a thickness of 2.6–3.2 nm. Cations existed in the oxide as Co2+, Cr3+, Mo4+, Mo5+, Mo6+, W6+ and Ni2+. Cr and Mo are enriched and Co and Ni are depleted in the surface oxide film. W was enriched in the case of Co-20Cr-15W-10Ni but depleted in the case of Co-33Cr-9W-0.3N. On the other hand, Cr, Mo, W and Ni were enriched and Co was depleted in the substrate alloy just under the surface oxide film in the polished alloy. During rapid formation of the surface oxide film, Cr was preferentially oxidized and the oxidation of Co and Ni delayed, according to the oxidation and reduction potentials of these elements. The Co-Cr alloys essentially have high localized corrosion resistance that is not easily affected by a small change of composition. Co-33Cr-5Mo-0.3N shows higher corrosion resistance compare than conventional Co-Cr alloys.