2018 Volume 59 Issue 2 Pages 320-323
Images of defects in plate-like structures can be generated using the scanning laser source (SLS) technique. When a laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) is used as a receiving device in the SLS technique, images of defects can be obtained through measurements conducted from a distance. Because an LDV cannot receive vibrations reflected from outdoor structures that may have rough surfaces and large fluctuations in a stable manner, this paper discusses an imaging technique using a SLS with acoustic microphones as a receiving device. The results of the experiments that were conducted using various distances between the test plate and microphone showed that the quality of the defect images gradually degraded because of the attenuation of sound in air as the distance increased. Moreover, when the laser beam was reflected back to the microphone after scattering over the plate surface, the laser beam directly generated signals in the microphone due to the photovoltaic effect or alternating heat, preventing the acquisition of defect images. Thereafter, in order to establish remote defect imaging, an acoustic transmitter was connected to the microphone unit. Most of the experimental equipment were located at a remote distance except for the small microphone unit and transmitter. The experimental system enabled the generation of images of the defect in the test plate located at distances of 4 and 6 m.