Online ISSN : 1347-5320
Print ISSN : 1345-9678
ISSN-L : 1345-9678
Coercivity of Pulverized ThMn12 Compounds with a Limited Amount of α-(Fe,Co) Phase
Tomoko KunoShunji SuzukiKimiko UrushibataKurima KobayashiSatoshi Sugimoto
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2019 Volume 60 Issue 8 Pages 1697-1706


We newly prepared the ThMn12 compounds (Sm0.9Zr0.1)(Fe0.8Co0.2)11.3Ti0.7 (A) and (Nd0.8Zr0.2)(Fe0.9Co0.1)11.3Ti0.7N1.5 (B), which were almost α-(Fe,Co) phase-free. These compounds show magnetic properties superior to those of the Nd2Fe14B phase in the high-temperature region (473 K). We also prepared a typical α-(Fe,Co) phase-free compound, Nd(Fe0.8Co0.2)11MoN1.3 (C), which has a low saturation polarization, but a high magnetic anisotropy field, and better thermal stability. We examined the effect of pulverization on the coercivity (Hc) of compounds (A)–(C). The critical radii of single-domain particles (Rc) were about 120 nm for (A) and (B), and about 400 nm for (C), and were determined from the measured magnetic domain widths of the most coercive pulverized particles of each sample. As the pulverization time increased, Hc increased to maximum values of 0.10 MAm−1 for (A), 0.14 MAm−1 for nitrogenated (B), and 0.21 MAm−1 for nitrogenated (C). Further pulverization of the samples decreased Hc. The decrease was mainly caused by oxidation in non-nitrogenated (A) and by the accumulation of lattice distortion in (B) and (C).

Fig. 6 Variation of Hc with milling time (0–48 h) (a) and variation of Hc with particle size (b). Fullsize Image
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