2020 Volume 61 Issue 7 Pages 1265-1271
The diffusion behavior of interstitial hydrogen in steel should be clarified to reveal the mechanism of hydrogen embrittlement. In this study, we performed molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to elucidate the relationship between various stress conditions and the diffusion coefficients of interstitial hydrogen in body-centered-cubic (bcc) iron. The results reveal that the diffusion coefficients are independent of isotropic stress and exhibit strong anisotropic stress dependence under uniaxial stress along the 〈100〉 direction. The stress-induced deformation of the atomic structure around the octahedral interstitial site (O site) was examined to elucidate the origin of the anisotropy of the stress dependence. Moreover, a model that predicts the activation enthalpy was derived by quantitatively evaluating the deformation around the O site. The activation enthalpy predicted by the model was consistent with the results of MD simulations when the deformation around the O site was not substantial.
This Paper was Originally Published in J. Soc. Mater. Sci., Japan 69 (2020) 119–125. All captions of figures and tables were slightly modified.