2015 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 14-00262
The dragonfly wing is passively deformed under flapping and has the strength to withstand high flapping frequency simultaneously. These characteristics of deformation and vibration of the wing are important for flapping flight. However, the effect of these characteristics on flapping flight has not been well understood. The purpose of this study is to investigate deformation and vibration characteristics of the dragonfly wing, and then to develop an artificial wing suitable for flapping flight on the basis of the dragonfly wing. In this study, natural frequency and deformation of the dragonfly wing are measured, and the artificial wing is fabricated on the basis of the results. From the measured results, the dragonfly wing has the high natural frequency of about 120 Hz, and thereby, it does not resonate with flapping. Although base-side of the wing is hardly deformed, the tip-side of the wing is greatly deformed because of the torsional deformation from the nodus of dragonfly wing. On the basis of characteristics of the dragonfly wing, the deformable artificial wing that can deform in the same manner of dragonfly wings was fabricated. Then, aerodynamic force and power consumption under flapping when using the deformable artificial wing was measured. As a result, the power efficiency of aerodynamic force using the deformable artificial wing is five times greater than the power efficiency using a non-deformable wing.