Neurologia medico-chirurgica
Original Articles
Endovascular Treatment of Asymptomatic Cerebral Aneurysms: Anatomic and Technical Factors Related to Ischemic Events and Coil Stabilization
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Volume 44 (2004) Issue 9 Pages 456-466

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The present study assessed the safety and efficacy of embolization using Guglielmi detachable coils (GDCs) in 100 asymptomatic cerebral aneurysms classified as sidewall (70) or terminal (30) aneurysms according to the parent artery (68 small aneurysms with a small neck, 21 small aneurysms with a wide neck, and 11 large aneurysms). A balloon-assisted technique was used in 49 aneurysms. Immediate angiography revealed that 71 aneurysms were completely obliterated. Transient deficits occurred in 19 patients, permanent deficits in four patients, and one patient died. Most complications occurred during or immediately after treatment and resolved within a few minutes to a few weeks. None of the surviving patients manifested significant morbidity at 1-year follow up. Follow-up angiographic study was performed in 79 aneurysms. Rates of recanalization and progressive thrombosis (total occlusion of the residual aneurysm at follow up) were 11% and 38%, respectively, in sidewall aneurysms, and 26% and 0%, respectively, in terminal aneurysms. Treatment with GDCs was effective for patients with small aneurysms with small necks, the morbidity was acceptable, and progressive thrombosis occurred during the follow-up period. GDC treatment achieved unsatisfactory results in patients with small terminal aneurysms with wide necks and in large aneurysms, because the obliteration rate was low, and the recanalization and complication rates were high. Multivariate analysis showed that complete occlusion was associated with small-necked aneurysms, and ischemic events tended to occur in terminal aneurysms and in aneurysms treated by the balloon-assisted technique.

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