Neurologia medico-chirurgica
Online ISSN : 1349-8029
Print ISSN : 0470-8105
ISSN-L : 0470-8105
Current issue
Displaying 1-6 of 6 articles from this issue
Original Articles
  • Ryuta YASUDA, Naoto KIMURA, Yoichi MIURA, Hisashi MIZUTANI, Tetsushi Y ...
    2024 Volume 64 Issue 5 Pages 175-183
    Published: May 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: May 15, 2024
    Advance online publication: April 04, 2024
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    This study aimed to introduce a three-dimensional (3D) images fusion method for preoperative simulation of aneurysm clipping. Consecutive unruptured aneurysm cases treated with surgical clipping from March 2021 to October 2023 were included. In all cases, preoperative images of plain computed tomography (CT), CT angiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 3D fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, 3D heavily T2-weighted images, and 3D rotational angiography were acquired and transported into a commercial software (Ziostation2 Plus, Ziosoft, Inc. Tokyo, Japan). The software provided 3D images of skull, arteries including aneurysms, veins, and brain tissue that were freely rotated, magnified, trimmed, and superimposed. Using the 3D images fusion method, two operators predicted clips to be used in the following surgery. The predicted clips and actually used ones were compared to give agreement scores for the following factors: (1) type of clips (simple or fenestrated), (2) shape of clips (straight, curved, angled, or bayonet), and (3) clipping strategy (single or multiple). The agreement score ranged from 0 to 3 because a score of 1 or 0 was given for agreement or disagreement on each factor. Interoperator reproducibility was also evaluated. During the study period, 44 aneurysms from 37 patients were clipped. All procedures were successfully completed, thanks to the precisely reproduced surgical corridors with the 3D images fusion method. Agreement in clip prediction was good with mean agreement score of 2.4. Interobserver reproducibility was also high with the kappa value of 0.79. The 3D images fusion method was useful for preoperative simulation of aneurysm clipping.

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  • Shinsuke YOSHIDA, Sho NAKAMURA, Kazuo SAITA, Soichi OYA, Satoshi OGIHA ...
    2024 Volume 64 Issue 5 Pages 184-191
    Published: May 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: May 15, 2024
    Advance online publication: February 26, 2024
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) are related diseases associated with the ossification of spinal ligaments that can occasionally lead to thoracic myelopathy. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 34 consecutive patients who underwent thoracic spinal surgeries for OPLL and/or OLF at our hospital between July 2010 and June 2022, and statistically compared data between patients with thoracic OPLL (TOPLL; n = 12) and those with thoracic OLF (TOLF; n = 22). The mean age of the TOPLL group was significantly lower than that of the TOLF group (53.7 vs. 68.4 years). The TOPLL group exhibited a greater female predominance than the TOLF group (58.3% vs. 18.2%). The median body mass index of the TOPLL group was significantly higher than that of the TOLF group (33.0 vs. 26.0 kg/m2). Patients with TOPLL significantly required instrumented fusion and repetitive surgical intervention more than those with TOLF (83.3% vs. 9.1%; 50.0% vs. 0.0%). Although neurological deterioration just after the intervention was more common in patients with TOPLL (41.7% vs. 4.6%), no difference was observed in thoracic Japanese Orthopaedic Association score and recovery rate in the chronic phase between TOPLL and TOLF. The TOPLL group had a younger onset, female dominance, and a greater degree of obesity when compared with the TOLF group. The surgery for TOPLL is challenging, considering that it requires long-range decompression and fusion, subsequent operations, careful management, and long-term follow-up, when compared to TOLF, which necessitates only simple decompression.

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  • Nobuyuki AKUTSU, Junji KOYAMA, Atsufumi KAWAMURA, Takashi SASAYAMA
    2024 Volume 64 Issue 5 Pages 192-196
    Published: May 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: May 15, 2024
    Advance online publication: March 04, 2024
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    This study aimed to assess the prevalence, severity, and natural history of positional posterior plagiocephaly (PPP) and positional posterior brachycephaly in Japan. We conducted a cross-sectional study of pediatric patients, ranging from 0 to 15 years old, evaluated for head trauma with negative computed tomography (CT) findings. The cranial vault asymmetry index (CVAI) was calculated using CT images at the superior orbital rim. Asymmetry according to CVAI values was subcategorized as follows: mild (3.5%-7%), moderate (7%-12%), and severe (>12%). The results were analyzed according to different age groups: group 1, 2-23 months (54 patients); group 2, 2-6 years (123 patients); and group 3, 7-15 years (123 patients). Overall, 300 patients were included (109 [36.3%] girls and 191 [63.7%] boys). The overall prevalence of PPP in the 300 patients was 46.7% (140 patients). PPP prevalence decreased consistently with age group: group 1, 57.4%; group 2, 47.2%; and group 3, 41.5%. Severe asymmetry was seen in all age groups. The overall mean cephalic index (CI) was 85.2. Cephalic index scores decreased consistently with age: group 1, 87.4; group 2, 85.1; and group 3, 84.3. The prevalence of PPP in Japan was higher than that reported in other countries. Although there was an overall decrease in the prevalence and severity of PPP with increasing patient age, PPP does not necessarily resolve spontaneously in all children. Furthermore, severe asymmetry was seen across all age groups.

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  • Yasuhiro ITO, Taku SUGIYAMA, Shunsuke TERASAKA, Hitoshi MATSUZAWA, Kun ...
    2024 Volume 64 Issue 5 Pages 197-204
    Published: May 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: May 15, 2024
    Advance online publication: March 04, 2024
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Supplementary material

    Arterial spin-labeling magnetic resonance imaging (ASL-MRI) is widely used for evaluating collateral development in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). This study aimed to characterize the findings of multiphase ASL-MRI between embolic and atherosclerotic large vessel occlusion (LVO) to aid in the differential diagnosis. Among 982 patients with AIS, 44 who were diagnosed with acute, symptomatic, and unilateral occlusion of the horizontal segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) were selected and categorized into embolic stroke (ES) and atherosclerosis (AT) groups. Using ASL-MRI (postlabeling delay [PLD] of 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 s) at admission, the ipsilateral to contralateral ratio (ICR) of the signal intensity and its time-course increasing rate (from PLD 1.5 to 2.0 and 2.5, ΔICR) were measured and compared between the two groups. The mean ICR was significantly higher in the AT group than in the ES group (AT vs. ES: 0.49 vs. 0.27 for ICR1.5, 0.73 vs. 0.32 for ICR2.0, and 0.92 vs. 0.37 for ICR2.5). The ΔICR of PLD 1.5-2.0 (ΔICR2.0) and 2.5 (ΔICR2.5) were also significantly higher in the AT group than in the ES group (AT vs. ES: 50.9% vs. 26.3% for ΔICR2.0, and 92.6% vs. 42.9% for ΔICR2.5). Receiver operating characteristic curves showed moderate-to-strong discriminative abilities of each ASL-MRI parameter in predicting MCA occlusion etiology. In conclusion, multiphase ASL-MRI parameters may aid in differentiating intracranial LVO etiology during the acute phase. Thus, it is applicable to AIS management.

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  • Yoshiki FUJIKAWA, Naokado IKEDA, Kosuke SAKAI, Naoki OMURA, Ryokichi Y ...
    2024 Volume 64 Issue 5 Pages 205-213
    Published: May 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: May 15, 2024
    Advance online publication: April 04, 2024
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

    Airway complications that occur after anterior cervical spine surgery pose a life-threatening risk, which encompasses complications including prolonged intubation, unplanned reintubation, and/or necessity of tracheostomy. The present study aimed to identify the surgical risks associated with postoperative airway complications in neurosurgical training institutes. A retrospective, multicenter, observational review of data from 365 patients, who underwent anterior cervical spine surgery between 2018 and 2022, at three such institutes was carried out. Postoperative airway complication was defined as either the need for prolonged intubation on the day of surgery or the need for unplanned reintubation. The perioperative medical information was obtained from their medical records. The average age of the cohort was over 60 years, with males comprising approximately 70%. Almost all surgeries predominantly involved anterior cervical discectomy and fusion or anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion, with most surgeries occurring at the level of C5/6. In total, 363 of 365 patients (99.5%) were extubated immediately after surgery, and the remaining two patients were kept under intubation because of the risk of airway complications. Of the 363 patients who underwent extubation immediately after surgery, two (0.55%) required reintubation because of postoperative airway complications. Patients who experienced airway complications were notably older and exhibited a significantly lower body mass index. The results of this study suggested that older and frailer individuals are at an elevated risk for postoperative airway complications, with immediate postoperative extubation generally being safe but requiring careful judgment in specific cases.

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Editorial Committee
  • 2024 Volume 64 Issue 5 Pages EC9-EC10
    Published: May 15, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: May 15, 2024
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
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