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Neurologia medico-chirurgica
Vol. 51 (2011) No. 10 P 728-731

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http://doi.org/10.2176/nmc.51.728

Case Reports

A 61-year-old man with glioblastoma and positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) developed acute hepatitis due to hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation after concomitant postoperative treatment with temozolomide (75 mg/m2/day) and radiation therapy (60 Gy in 30 fractions). Corticosteroids were not used during chemo-radiation therapy, and grade 4 lymphocytopenia was observed. The levels of liver function tests (LFTs), including levels of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase, increased 5 weeks after the completion of chemo-radiation therapy, and reached the maximum levels of 1,549 IU/l (normal 13 to 33 IU/l) and 1,653 IU/l (normal 8 to 42 IU/l), respectively, after 2 weeks. At this point, serum HBV-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) level had increased to 630-fold over the baseline, and therapy with the antivirus agent entecavir (0.5 mg daily) was started. Over the next 2 weeks, the levels of LFTs and HBV-DNA improved. The present and previous cases suggest that grade 3/4 lymphocytopenia or grade 2 lymphocytopenia with corticosteroid use might have a significant effect on HBV reactivation. To avoid this complication, HBsAg-positive patients with glioblastoma should consult a hepatologist for initiating antivirus therapy before temozolomide treatment.

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