Neurologia medico-chirurgica
Online ISSN : 1349-8029
Print ISSN : 0470-8105
Review Articles
Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery for Degenerative Disease: A Review
Taku SUGAWARA
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JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

2015 Volume 55 Issue 7 Pages 540-546

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Abstract

Anterior cervical spine surgery is an established surgical intervention for cervical degenerative disease and high success rate with excellent long-term outcomes have been reported. However, indications of surgical procedures for certain conditions are still controversial and severe complications to cause neurological dysfunction or deaths may occur. This review is focused mainly on five widely performed procedures by anterior approach for cervical degenerative disease; anterior cervical discectomy, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion, anterior cervical foraminotomy, and arthroplasty. Indications, procedures, outcomes, and complications of these surgeries are discussed.

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