2017 Volume 57 Issue 11 Pages 607-611
The p.R4810K (rs11273543, c.14429G > A) variant of the RNF213 gene is associated with increased risk of Moyamoya disease (MMD), which is an idiopathic progressive intracranial vascular steno-occlusive disease, in Asian populations. Numerous variant association studies for this MMD variant have been performed in Japan to date. Since another genetic study that utilized approximately 140,000 single nucleotide polymor (SNPs) has indicated that there still are genetic differences among mainland Japanese, there is a possibility that the variant distribution in patients with MMD and normal individuals varies between different Japanese regions. Additionally, the majority of variant association studies have used Sanger sequencing, which is labor-intensive, time-consuming, and costly. In this study, we analyzed the frequency of the variant genotype in patients with MMD and normal individuals in Kyushu using pyrosequencing, which is an accurate, cost-effective, and automated method. We found differences in the genotype frequencies in familial patients from Kyushu and normal populations in Tohoku compared with west Japan, which suggested that there were differences in the frequency of the variant among different regions in Japan.