2017 Volume 57 Issue 6 Pages 278-283
As the safety and effectiveness of urgent carotid artery stenting (CAS) for neurologically progressing patients remain controversial, we retrospectively analyzed the outcome of urgent CAS based on the patients’ pathophysiological condition and neuroimaging findings. We divided 71 patients who underwent CAS within 14 days of stroke onset into two groups. Group 1 (n = 35) was comprised of patients with progressing neurologic signs and a reversible ischemic penumbra on magnetic resonance images (MRI). They were treated by urgent CAS. Group 2 (n = 36) was neurologically stable and underwent prophylactic CAS. In all patients we recorded the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score and the modified Rankin scale (mRS). Urgent CAS resulted in significant improvement in the NIHSS score, when compared before and after CAS in group 1 (5.3 ± 4.3, P < 0.01). The rate of good outcomes (mRS 0–2 at 3 months post-CAS) was 48.6% in group 1, and 75% in group 2. The cumulative incidence of ipsilateral stroke between 31 days and 1 year was 5.9% in group 1, and 0% in group 2. The procedural complication rate was similar in both groups (group 1: 5.7%, n = 2; group 2: 5.6%, n = 2). No patient suffered a symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage. When the pathophysiological status and neuroimaging findings are used to determine patient eligibility for urgent CAS, this treatment improve neurologic outcome and can be performed as safely as prophylactic CAS in our cohort of patients with acute ischemic stroke.