Neurologia medico-chirurgica
Online ISSN : 1349-8029
Print ISSN : 0470-8105
ISSN-L : 0470-8105
Original Articles
Real-time Imaging of an Experimental Intracranial Aneurysm in Rats
Haruka MIYATAKampei SHIMIZUHirokazu KOSEKIYu ABEKURAHiroharu KATAOKASusumu MIYAMOTOKazuhiko NOZAKIShuh NARUMIYATomohiro AOKI
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS

2019 Volume 59 Issue 1 Pages 19-26

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Abstract

Subarachnoid hemorrhage due to rupture of a pre-existing intracranial aneurysm has quite a poor outcome in spite of intensive medical care. Hemodynamic stress loaded on intracranial arterial walls is considered as a trigger and a regulator of formation and progression of the disease, but how intracranial arterial walls or intracranial aneurysm walls behave under hemodynamic stress loading remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to visualize and analyze the wall motion of intracranial aneurysms to detect a pathological flow condition. We subjected a transgenic rat line, in which endothelial cells are specifically visualized by expression of a green fluorescent protein, to an intracranial aneurysm model and observed a real-time motion of intracranial arterial walls or intracranial aneurysm walls by a multiphoton laser confocal microscopy. The anterior cerebral artery–olfactory artery bifurcation was surgically exposed for the monitoring. First, we observed the proper flow-dependent physiological dilatation of a contralateral intracranial artery in response to increase of blood flow by one side of carotid ligation. Next, we observed intracranial aneurysm lesions induced in a rat model and confirmed that a wall motion of the dome was static, whereas that of the neck was more dynamic in response to pulsation of blood flow. We successfully monitored a real-time motion of intracranial aneurysm walls. Findings obtained from such a real-time imaging will provide us many insights especially about the correlation of mechanical force and the pathogenesis of the disease and greatly promote our understanding of the disease.

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© 2019 by The Japan Neurosurgical Society

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons [Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International] license.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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